Unbelievable facts about MALARIA
Here are some key points on malaria..........
• Malaria was first identified in 1880 as a disease caused by parasitic infection
• The name of the disease comes from the Italian word mal'aria, meaning "bad air"
• Malaria is transmitted to humans through bites by infected mosquitoes
• The most common time for these mosquitoes to be active is between dusk and dawn
• Worldwide, there were an estimated 198 million cases of malaria in 2013 and 584,000 deaths
• Malaria occurs mostly in poor, tropical and subtropical areas of the world
• Malaria was eliminated from the US in the early 1950s, but the mosquitos that carry and transmit the malaria parasite still remain, creating a constant risk of reintroduction
• Reported malaria cases in the US reached a 40-year high of 1,925 in 2011
• A malaria vaccine for humans is close to being approved for use in Europe
• An estimated 3.4 billion people in 106 countries and territories are at risk of malaria - nearly half of the world's population 10
• Annual funding for malaria control in 2013 was three times the amount spent in 2005, yet it represented only 53% of global funding needs
• Malaria incidence rates are estimated to have fallen by 30% globally between 2000 and 2013 while estimated mortality rates fell by 47%